2007年1月24日星期三

Television,Pros&Cons?

原文︰
Television: the pros and cons
Over ninety-six per cent of Hong Kong's population watches television for at least a few hours every day, according to a recent report. More than half of all children from the ages of six to twelve watch at least three hours of television daily. The figures confirm us and influences the way we think. But is it a good influence, or a bad one?
Some critics say that television does more harm than good. One of their chief complaints is that television programmes contain far too much violence. Switch on the TV set any day of the week, they point out, and you will see people being beaten, robbed or murdered. This, they say, gives people, especially children, the idea that violence is and acceptable way to deal with problems. This leads to an increase in violence in society.
Another aspect of television that is particularly disturbing to parents and teachers is the bad language, which is so commonly used in TV programmes about triads and criminals. Children naturally tend to imitate what they see and hear adults doing, especially when the adults are popular TV stars. Moreover, some parents feel that television is a waste of time. The hours children spend in front of the TV set could be better spent studying or reading wholesome books. Students, too, complain that noisy television programmes make it difficult for them to study at home.
Yet another argument has come from social workers, who say that television weakens family life. According to them, before there was television, parents and children used to spend more time together talking. Now, however, they say television has become the centre of family life. Everyone sits silently in front of the screen, not daring to speak for fear of missing part of the programme or disturbing the others.
Although there is truth in these criticisms, they only give one side of the picture. For one thing, television is without doubt the greatest and most effective means of communication in the world today. Its news and current affairs programmes connect us with people and cultures in the rest of the world. Its documentaries and other informative programmes increase our understanding of science, nature, art and history. The world today is more closely connected, and better informed, because of television.
What is more, television is a great educator. Television, because it is based on visual images and the spoken word, makes information available to illiterate people as well as those who can read. It can also help people learn to use their national language (a very important effect in countries like China, Indonesia and Italy where there are so many local dialects).
Finally, television does improve the quality of people's lives. For the elderly, the sick and the handicapped, it provides cheer and company during the hours when they are otherwise alone, and keeps them in contact with the outside world. For the poor it provides cheap and plentiful entertainment. It could even be argued that television helps keep families intact by providing entertainment that all members of the family can enjoy together.
Instead of emphasising the negative aspects of television, it would seem to make more sense to ensure that we and our families gain the most benefit from television by choosing the programmes we watch wisely, and by putting pressure on television stations to provide better-quality programmes. It is not television, but the way people use it, that causes harm.


下面是我的翻譯(未完成)︰
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根據最近的報告,超過百分之九十六的香港居民每天至少花數小時去看電視。六歲至十二歲的小孩超過一半每天都至少花三個小時來看電視。圖形確認我們和影響我們的想法。但它是好是影響還是壞的影響?
一些批評說電視的壞處比好處多。一個他們的權威代表投訴電視節目包含太多暴力。他們指出,當你在一個星期中的任可一天打開電視機,你就會見到人們開始打交,搶劫或者謀殺别人。他們說,這會帶給人們,特別是小孩,一個用暴力來解決問題是可以接受的信息。這會令社會中的暴力增加。
另一方面電視明顯地妨礙家長和教師的是粗口,它是電視節目裏的三合會和罪犯普遍地使用。小孩自然地會趨向模仿看到和聽到大人所做的事,特別是電視裏的名星。,再者,一些父母認為看電視是良費時間。小孩應該把花在電視機前面的時間用來學習或讀書才更好。學生也一樣,投訴嘈吵的電視節目令他們在家裏溫習困難。
更加有其他來自社會工作者的意見,他們說電視破壞家庭生活。根據他們所說,有電視機之前,父母和子女會用更多的時間一起聊天。現在,盡管他們說電視已成為家庭我活的中心。每一個人都靜靜地坐在熒幕前面,不夠膽說話擔心錯過了節目的一部份或妨礙到別人看電視。
雖然這些批評都是事實,但他們只是給了圖畫的一面。舉個例子,電視無疑是目前世界上最好和最有效傳播信息的途徑。它的新聞和時事節目連系着我們和其他人的文化還有世界的其餘。它的記錄影片和其他資信節目增加我們的科學,自然,藝術和歴史知識,就因為電視。

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自动翻译的文字:
超过96元,占香港人口最少手表电视数小时每天 根据最近的报告. 超过一半的孩子年龄在6至12个小时观看电视,每日至少3. 这些数字证实了我们的思想,影响到我们. 但它是一个良好的影响力,还是坏事? 有评论家认为,电视台是否弊大于利. 行政申诉是其中的电视节目包含了太多的暴力. 电视机有一天,亮起了一周,他们指出, 你能看到人们被殴打、抢劫和杀害. 对此,他们说,给人,特别是儿童,暴力是可以接受的思想方式来处理问题. 这导致社会上暴力事件有所增加. 另一个方面,电视尤其令人不安的是家长和老师脏话, 这是常用的电视节目等对黑社会和犯罪分子. 孩子自然喜欢模仿大人做什么,他们看到和听到的,尤其是受欢迎的电视明星成年人. 此外,一些家长认为,电视是浪费时间. 童年在时间前面的电视机可用于研究或阅读有益书籍. 学生也抱怨,嘈杂的电视节目,使他们难以学习在家. 另一个说法来自社工人员表示,电视削弱家庭生活. 据他们说,以前有电视、父母及子女用花更多时间在一起说话. 如今,电视已经成为该中心说,他们的家庭生活. 大家默默地坐在屏幕前, 因害怕不敢讲方案的一部分或失踪扰乱他人. 虽然有这些批评真相,他们只让一旁的图画. 一方面,电视无疑是最大、最有效的通信手段,在当今世界. 新闻及时事节目,连接了人们的文化和世界各地. 纪录片及其他资讯节目增加了我们对科学、自然、艺术和历史. 当今世界正在更加紧密相连,更好地知情,因为电视.
何况,电视是一个伟大的教育家. 电视,因为它是以视觉形象和语言文字, 使得资料文盲以及那些可以阅读. 它也可以帮助人们学会用本国语言(非常重要作用的国家象中国 印尼和意大利有这么多方言). 最后,电视是否改善人民生活质量. 为老弱伤残它规定,公司在助威小时时否则就有 他们口口声声和外界接触. 为穷人提供廉价和丰富的娱乐. 甚至可以说,它有助于保持家庭完整提供影视娱乐,所有家人一起享受. 易地而负面电视似乎更为明智,以确保我们和我们的家人得到最有利的选择方案,我们从电视上观看明智 并施压电视台提供质量更好的方案. 这不是电视,而是人们利用,造成伤害.

因為不夠時間完成翻譯,所以最後還是用Google譯了
看了兩眼發覺沒問題,就放心了
誰知回到學校給別人一看,就發現NNNNN多的地方有錯.....................
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